Infectious mononucleosis affects almost 90% of the world's population. It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus - herpes virus type IV. Not everyone who is exposed to the virus gets it. Some people's immune system is able to fight off the infection and they show no or mild symptoms. In others, however, the disease is severe. Unfortunately, the symptoms of mononucleosis are similar to those of a common viral infection, making it difficult to recognize.
Complications also show similarities to colds, bacterial infections, and severe acute respiratory illnesses. It is precisely because of this that it is easy for a person to deceive himself about his real suffering.However, it is confirmed by a differential blood count, as well as a serological test proving the presence of the Epstein-Barr virus.
Most often among the victims of viral mononucleosis are children, teenagers and adults between 14 and 30 years old.
What are the symptoms that may indicate that you have infectious mononucleosis?
Red, irritated and sore throat
Mononucleosis affects the lymphatic organs, including the tonsils. Therefore, swelling and inflammation can occur in them, which can be quite severe.
One of the first signs of mononucleosis that many people ignore is the appearance of a rash on the skin.
General severe fatigue
Fatigue and fatigue are characteristic of any viral infection. That is why it is difficult to determine from its very origin its root cause.
Infectious mononucleosis can occur with many complications, one of which is high temperature.It occurs because in this disease the immune system cannot perform its functions normally. As a result, the lymphatic organs (spleen, liver, tonsils, lymph nodes) begin to become inflamed and increase in size.
One of the most common complications of mononucleosis is angina. It is possible that it will develop into a purulent bacterial infection.
In mononucleosis, upper abdominal pain may also occur due to enlargement of the spleen due to the Epstein-Barr virus.
The viral infection causes severe pains in all joints, especially in the knees, which resemble those of rheumatism. Movement is severely limited, especially when climbing stairs because of the severe pain.
Rarely, but it is still possible to have a headache.
Development of another disease
If the infection becomes too complicated, it is possible to unlock another disease depending on which organ is most affected - liver diseases, lymphatic diseases, encephalitis, meningitis.
What is the treatment?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for Epstein-Barr virus. Treatment is symptomatic, that is, complications are treated depending on their nature. Medicines are prescribed for the liver to protect its functions and cells. If a bacterial infection occurs, antibiotics are also prescribed. In some cases, the inclusion of corticosteroids may also be necessary if the attending physician decides.
Viral mononucleosis resolves within a few days or 2 to 3 weeks depending on complications. In some cases, hospitalization is required.
The article is informative. When in doubt, always consult a doctor.