Prickly pear is one of the most beautiful types of cacti. It is also called prickly pear because of the fruits it produces. They are delicious, full of edible seeds that are very rich in vitamin C and fiber. That is why they are part of a number of expensive cosmetic products.
Prickly pear is native to Mexico. It was carried to Europe, Asia and Australia during the discovery missions in the Middle Ages. This is how today it is found in Greece, Spain, southern Italy, France and even India. In some places it has spread too quickly, becoming a real threat to the local flora.
Since prickly pear is resistant to cold, it grows successfully in our country, including in Northern Bulgaria. In the core of its fleshy leaves is a gel similar to that of aloe vera, which makes it a great helper in the treatment of various skin problems and injuries.
Under suitable conditions and care, the prickly pear blooms with beautiful yellow-orange flowers, which then produce useful fruits.
Location and Light
Prickly pear needs sunshine throughout the day. Therefore, place it in a place in direct sunlight. If grown outdoors in the garden it can reach an enviable height.
Watered regularly in summer to bloom more abundantly and bear fruit. In winter, watering stops completely.
Prickly pear grows in hot and dry areas, so it can withstand incredible heat. In winter, it is important not to let it cool below 5 to 10 degrees.
Suitable soil for prickly pear is one rich in peat and coarse sand. It is transplanted every year into new soil in a ratio of 2:1 in favor of peat.
Cuttings are separated from the trunk of the adult plant, which are placed in a dry place for about two weeks. This is how they prepare for planting, which takes place in a mixture of coarse sand and wet gravel. At first they are not exposed to the sun. After they take root, they are planted in permanent pots.
Note: Do not touch prickly pear leaves and fruits with your hands. There are spines on them that easily enter the skin, but do not come out without medical intervention. The fruits are consumed after carefully peeling the skin and spines.