Gas during pregnancy

Gas during pregnancy
Gas during pregnancy

Why does a pregnant woman's belly look big when she is in early pregnancy and the uterus has expanded very little? The reason is the gases that inflate it.

During the wear of the fruit the stomach becomes "lazy" - peristalsis decreases, which leads to its swelling. At the same time, the synthesis of progesterone increases, which weakens smooth muscles, including the uterus, blood vessels, intestines, stomach and the pyloric sphincter - (the ring-shaped muscle that controls the outflow of stomach contents from the stomach to the duodenum at the beginning of the intestine).

Progesterone slows down the peristalsis of the intestines and stomach, so food stays longer in them, which leads to gas formation.

Other causes of gas formation

  • quick swallowing of food, without careful and slow chewing;
  • eating in a nervous state;
  • eating when we are not hungry and when we are overtired;
  • eating before sleep;
  • overeating;
  • allergy to a certain food - eg milk or gluten.

Why is it important to chew food slowly

First, the teeth must break the food into small pieces. Saliva must then wet and mush it up to help it pass more easily down the throat and esophagus. It also creates conditions for better contact with the enzymes in the intestines and stomach. Saliva also contains the enzyme amylase, which breaks down starch.

Foods that produce gas to a greater extent are onions, garlic, cabbage, turnips, brewer's yeast and legumes. The wrong combination of foods can also lead to gas - for example, fruit with vegetables, grains and sour fruits, cherries and dairy foods.The explanation is that different foods require different enzymes to process them. Therefore, it is good to have 4 hours of rest between two meals.

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