5 types of memory that every person has

5 types of memory that every person has
5 types of memory that every person has
Anonim

Memory is one of the most important abilities of the brain. It is a complex mechanism divided into different components.

Memory is not a whole, but is divided into different types. Each of them has a specific purpose so that we can deal with any daily challenge in life.

What are the main types of memory and what are they needed for?

Short-term memory

Short-term memory is temporary. It has a low capacity and helps you remember up to 7 units of information that have nothing to do with each other, for example, numbers, letters, places.

Short-term memory is necessary to be able to do something while talking and not interfere with the simultaneous actions we are doing.

Episodic memory

Episodic memory aims to help you remember certain events. You remember emotions, pleasant moments, birthdays, holidays, but not the full details of them. Most often, special life events are stored in episodic memory. As time goes by, you will find it harder and harder to remember details about them, and you will remember the moments that stand out.

Long-term memory

All the facts, everything you've learned to do in your life along with all the surprising things you didn't even know you remembered are stored in long-term memory.

It is a kind of archive of life. For her, the brain allocates the most space. But since it is impossible to remember every event and detail in life, the long-term memory is also the one that is most often overloaded.

Semantic memory

Semantic memory aims to store specific facts, concepts, as well as the vocabulary of words that we have.This type of memory allows us to respond quickly to permanently memorized knowledge, such as what the capital of Italy is. The interesting thing about this kind of memory is that we don't remember how we know the facts, but we are sure we know them.

Procedural Memory

Procedural memory stores all the skills we have acquired over time, including physical and mental.

These include riding a bicycle, driving, swimming, knowledge, using a keyboard, automatic and unconscious body movement in certain situations, reading, writing.

These skills are not lost except through trauma to certain areas of the brain.

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