How much watering do tomatoes need?

How much watering do tomatoes need?
How much watering do tomatoes need?
Anonim

Delicious red tomatoes, which botany defines as fruits and cooking as vegetables, are an indispensable part of summer salads. We all associate growing them with the long hot days in the village, at our grandparents' when we were children. Eating red vegetables directly from the garden will bring a number of benefits to our he alth - they contain powerful antioxidants, potassium, alpha- and beta-carotene, as well as lutein and lycopene. There are studies according to which regular consumption of tomatoes can reduce depressive states by up to 46%. Everyone would like to be able to enjoy the beneficial effects of the summer vegetable.

However, what are the subtleties of growing it?

Overwatering, as well as not having enough water, can lead to a poor harvest. These are usually the most common mistakes. The balance is very delicate. However, proper watering is not such a difficult task. It will take some practice at first to figure out how much water to use and how often. This way you will avoid the most common problems associated with overwatering - stunted growth, root rot, poor harvest, poor fruit quality, stem breakage and yellowing leaves.

How exactly to water the tomatoes?

The first tip gardeners give is "water slowly" - the key to proper watering is consistency. Your plants need a constant flow of water to grow properly. This won't happen if you water heavily on one day and then let the plants run out of water. Rapid watering will cause the water to simply run off without soaking the ground.In this way, it will not reach the roots - that is where it is needed. Slow watering will allow all layers of the soil to absorb moisture – not just the top. This way, over time, the plant will have access to more water.

Water deeply

What happens below the soil is even more important than what happens above it. A strong root system is the basis of a he althy plant that bears a lot of fruit. The way we can enhance growth is through deep watering. Their roots have to "travel" further to reach the moisture in the soil, thus they develop, and will be able to survive even drier periods. Gardeners recommend that you try to water well at least the first 15 centimeters of the soil layer.

Water the roots

This basic principle is one of the first that every beginning gardener learns. Watering the leaves can lead to the formation of fungus. The plant's roots distribute the water, taking it where it needs it.

Mulch

A mulch around the base of your plant's stem with straw or grass clippings (about 4-5cm) will help keep the soil cool, thus preventing moisture loss.

Watering according to size

Young, newly planted plants need more water, but once they grow, they can withstand longer dry periods.

Make sure the soil is well watered before planting your seedlings. In the summer, check the soil moisture several times a day. If it rains abundantly, you can skip watering. Consider the size of your plants, providing them with optimal hydration.

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