Hunger is an indication that our body needs food. This is as true as it is false. In today's modern age, we can easily confuse hunger with emotional eating, which drives us toward unhe althy and high-calorie but soul-satisfying food. Why? Because there is simply an unfathomable variety that the food industry has provided us with. And in this ocean of tempting possibilities, our brain wants to try everything to feel happy.
Deceptive signs of hunger can make us imperceptibly consume a huge number of excess calories, in most cases not having any nutritional value for the body.
In other cases, you may wake up at night and feel hungry.All you want to do is get up and go to the fridge. On other days, when it's hot, you crave something cold, cooling or sweet, and in most cases you're actually thirsty, not hungry.
Mindful and mindful eating helps to identify hunger. Although it seems simple to understand and establish, it is not quite so. It's harder to tell if you're really hungry than you think.
The US National Institute of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases found that 30.7% of Americans are overweight and 42.4% are obese. The American Psychological Association states that 38% of adults say they overeat due to stress in the past month, and half of them admit to overeating at least once a week, sometimes more, reports he althdigest.com.
Once you learn what the types of hunger are and how to distinguish them, it will be much easier for you to control your diet, your weight and your he alth.Researchers at Michigan State University studied the types of hunger and published their work in a book titled Mindful Eating. According to scientists, practicing mindful eating begins first of all with determining how hungry you are at the moment, he althdigest.com also writes.
Here are the types of hunger:
Hunger you experience with your eyes, nose and mouth
Hunger is linked to receptors in the brain. When we see food, we want to try it, even more so if it looks appetizing, smells nice and is arranged beautifully on the plate. This kind of hunger sends signals to the brain that what you see and smell will give you pleasure. You immediately start feeling hungry, but it's not really hungry. This kind of hunger is also the most difficult to control.
According to he althline.com, there is a system in the brain that is designed to reward behaviors that contribute to survival. At the sight and smell of satisfying and tasty food, dopamine - the pleasure hormone - is released in the brain.
The physiological signs of hunger are first felt in the stomach. An empty stomach "scratches", making sounds that are a natural consequence of it being empty. We think so, but according to Medical News Today, an empty stomach doesn't automatically mean your body needs food.
If you believe that an empty stomach will remind you when you are hungry, you are wrong. This is a response we have established with our eating habits. The stomach expects that food will enter it at certain times of the day. When he doesn't get it, he starts getting loud, scraping, and makes us feel uncomfortable.
Cellular starvation refers to a condition we experience when our body needs a specific macro- or micronutrient. For example, the body has a mechanism to make you believe that you are eating more meat because you are deficient in iron. In this way, the body tries to obtain the necessary amounts.You can eat large amounts of citrus fruits because of the presence of vitamin C in them if your body is low in vitamin C.
Similarly, you may crave s alty foods because of a deficiency of sodium or other minerals and s alts in your body. Cellular starvation may also be provoked by a deficiency of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, zinc, water.
The hunger of the "mind and heart"
This kind of hunger is provoked by everything the modern world tells us - the foods we should and shouldn't eat. It is a mixture of what we want to eat and what we should eat, of what is he althy for us and what will bring us tempting sinful pleasure.
This type of hunger is often put under the category of “emotional eating”. It rarely has a real connection with hunger as a physiological process. Emotional eating is provoked by stress, emotional difficulties, upheavals in life, problems, tension, feelings of unhappiness, love disappointments, difficulties at work.
To help us feel better, our brain prompts us to reach for foods that will bring us pleasure, satisfaction, fight depression. Most often, these are high-carbohydrate, pasta foods, sweets, added and refined sugars that are prohibited from all possible diets.
When eating such foods, serotonin is released - the hormone of happiness, which gives a temporary and false feeling of happiness.