Collagen is a major structural protein of the body, consisting of the amino acids arginine, glycine, hydroxyproline and proline. Collagen is produced by fibroblasts, biological cells (a type of connective tissue cell). In addition to connective tissue (e.g. skin), collagen is also present in fibrous tissues of ligaments, muscles, tendons.
The tissues that make up the blood vessels, bladder, digestive tract, heart, kidneys and gall bladder contain collagen. Hair and nails are mostly made of protein.
5 types of collagen are known:
Type I: bones, organs, skin, tendon, vessels (Type I makes up over 90% of total body collagen).
Type II: Cartilage (flexible tissue found in the larynx and parts of the airway, joints and ear).
Type III: Mesh (forms new connective tissue)
Type IV: contained in the tissues surrounding some organs, muscles and fat
Type V: helps build hair follicles and placenta, bones, important for liver and lungs
Collagen can be obtained by taking nutritional supplements (after consultation with a doctor), but also through nutrition and cosmetics. When there is a protein deficiency in our body, it always tells us. Check out some of the main signs.
Loss of skin density
Young skin is characterized by volume, smoothness. Unfortunately, as we age, the skin gradually begins to lose its density because the collagen in it is also depleted. It is possible that the area under the eyes will become more sunken, as well as the area under the cheekbones.
Degeneration and joint pain
If you complain of joint pain when walking or exercising, this may be a sign of collagen deficiency. When the body loses collagen, ligaments and tendons begin to move less easily, leading to joint swelling, stiffness and discomfort.
Skin relaxation and wrinkles
Collagen gives the skin firmness, elasticity, and its lack can cause skin to sag, especially around the jawline, cheeks, buttocks and tummy. Wrinkles will also appear earlier if our body suffers from a deficiency of this important element for the beauty and he alth of the skin. That's why it's important to get collagen regularly through diet or supplements.
Bad hair condition and hair loss
Other indicators of collagen deficiency are hair in poor condition and rapid and intense hair loss. When collagen is not enough, the hair is not nourished enough, it is not strengthened.Usually, the bad condition of the hair is accompanied by an equally bad condition of the nails and skin (such as the appearance of acne and rashes).
Collagen helps soothe the lining of the intestines. Harmful toxins can pass through the digestive tract and lead to leaky gut syndrome, acid reflux, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis and Crohn's disease. When the condition of the intestines is deteriorated, then the whole body suffers.
Poor condition of teeth
Collagen protein plays a crucial role in maintaining he althy gums and teeth. Its deficiency can lead to premature destruction of teeth, deterioration of gum he alth.