Melanoma (skin cancer) could be recognized when it is in its initial stage. For this purpose, you should examine your skin once a month. Regular skin examinations will help you find new moles, freckles or spots at each subsequent examination.
Examine your skin in daylight using a mirror. Examine all parts of the body such as palms, soles, scalp, ears, nails, back. For those areas you struggle with, a family member can examine the skin.
What should you be observant about?
from the skin, a lump with questionable pigmentation, with increased sensitivity.
It is normal to see moles and freckles colored brown, yellow-brown or black, sometimes red, on your skin. Moles are usually about 6 mm in size. Some moles appear shortly after a person is born, others during childhood and in later years.
Most moles stay the same size and color, some disappear, and others may slightly increase in size with age. All people have moles and they are usually harmless.
There are a few major changes in skin spots and moles to watch out for. Skin spots are not always the result of pregnancy or exposure to direct sunlight.
Asymmetry – when one part of the mole or spot does not match the other.
Borders – when the edges, the outline of the mole/spot, are like ragged, jagged or discolored.
Color – normal color is brownish or black, but watch for pink and red spots, white and even blue.
Diameter – change in diameter or appearance of a mole spot with a larger diameter. Often, melanoma can be smaller than 6 mm.
Development – watch for the change in color, size, as a feeling if it has changed. Is it hard, painful, itchy, swollen, and red around the mole? Surface change such as tearing, bleeding.
These are signs to watch for, but it is possible that the melanoma that appears does not meet the listed characteristics.
Dermatologists advise that in addition to doing these monthly skin exams, avoid exposure to direct sunlight when it is strongest between one o'clock in the afternoon and five o'clock in the afternoon. When sunbathing, skiing in the mountains, be sure to use sunscreen cosmetics with a high factor.
Solariums help to quickly get a chocolate tan, but it is good to avoid them, because often ladies overdo this type of procedures.
Most often, melanoma develops from an injured, combed mole. Be careful with those moles that are more pronounced. If they cause a problem and are in an area where you epilate the skin or your underwear rubs, it's a good idea to consult a dermatologist.