One of the most insidious diseases of our time, for which no cure has yet been found, is Alzheimer's disease. The medical community often emphasizes slowing the progression of Alzheimer's disease with drugs and therapy, but lifestyle also affects brain he alth and can reduce the risk of dementia.
What is dementia?
Dementia is a general term for a range of symptoms that are caused by disorders affecting the brain.
It is characterized by impairment of at least two of these mental functions:
- Communication and Language
- Ability to focus and pay attention
- Motivation and Judgment
- Visual perception
Dementia is a progressive disease, meaning that symptoms usually get worse as more brain cells are damaged and eventually die. What are the habits that increase the risk of dementia?
Give up smoking
According to a study, smoking can increase the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Scientists believe that there is an interaction between the harmful habit and the APOEε4 genotype in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease Also, smoking contributes to oxidative stress and inflammation, which greatly affects the brain.
Be physically active
How many times a week do you exercise? Did you know that regular physical activity is one of the most effective ways to reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease?People who exercise at least three times a week for a minimum of 15 to 30 minutes are less likely to be affected by the disease, even if they have a family member with Alzheimer's.
Exercise increases blood circulation and oxygen circulation to the brain and helps prevent risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and more.
Stay Socially Active
According to the Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center in Chicago, spending time with other people frequently can reduce cognitive decline by 70%.
Humans are social creatures, and too much isolation can damage your brain. That is why it is important to spend more time in pleasant company, but also think about a new hobby, various courses, trainings, something that will be pleasant for you, but also exercise your thought.
Be careful with your alcohol intake
Consumption of too much alcohol can cause alcoholic dementia. Also, for people who drink alcoholic beverages in moderation and often, the risk of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia increases.
Various studies have found that stimulating the brain reduces the chances of developing dementia. There are many different ways you can stimulate your brain You can learn a new language, read books, play board games, solve puzzles, learn to play a musical instrument.
Challenge your thinking, all these brain exercises will help promote the growth of new brain cells and the connections between them.
Eat foods rich in antioxidants
The food we consume daily can have a bearing on brain he alth. That is why it is important to pay attention to your diet and to reduce the intake of processed foods to a minimum.Balance the consumption of red meat, butter, margarine, cheese. Add more fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, olive oil and dark chocolate.
Last but not least, get enough hours of sleep and avoid vitamin D deficiency.