The calf is the muscle located at the back of the lower leg. It is one of the busiest muscles in the body because it is actively involved in every movement when you are awake. Walking, running, standing, carrying loads - all this directly affects the calf. That is why very often pains, spasms, discomfort can appear in this muscle.
What can cause pain and discomfort in the calf? Here are some possible reasons.
Cramps or spasms in the muscle occur when a severe overload has occurred in it. Muscle fibers begin to contract spasmodically, causing sudden stiffness and severe pain. Sometimes the pain is milder and a twitch is felt in the muscle.They may result from dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, magnesium, potassium deficiency, or overexertion during strength training.
Injury or overtraining
In your quest to get results faster, you sometimes make the mistake of training too much and too often, not giving your muscles a chance to rest and recover. This can lead to injuries, pain, especially in the calf area, which bears all the weight of the body plus training.
Back pain can affect the legs and especially the calf. This is because nerve impulses travel along the nerve pathways, thus transferring pain from the back and lower back to the legs. If you have back problems it wouldn't be surprising if your leg muscles are also affected.
Blood clots are another possible cause of calf pain.Deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which clotted blood accumulates in the deep blood vessels of the calf. If they break off, these thrombi can travel to the heart or lung, causing a blockage and a potentially life-threatening condition, an embolism. If you experience unexplained calf pain for no apparent reason, be sure to consult a doctor. One of the main signs is when the pain is only in one calf.
People with diabetes, especially if it is poorly controlled, can suffer from diabetic neuropathy. It is a result of high blood sugar and fat levels that build up and damage the nerves. Pain occurs in the lower limbs, very often in the calves and toes.