A common problem during pregnancy is the unpleasant swelling of the legs. It can be due to various factors and changes in the body that occur during this period. Fluid retention is at the root of this problem.
The growing uterus could also be a predisposing factor for retention as it compresses blood vessels, making it difficult for blood to be pumped back to the heart. Hormonal changes are also a determining factor.
Fluid retention is common, but in most cases it goes away after delivery. Swelling of the tissues and fluid retention can be a prerequisite for an increase in blood pressure, so it is good in the presence of such a problem to monitor your condition more thoroughly.
Monitor your condition if you notice that the swelling goes beyond the acceptable limit. If the swelling starts to affect your face, hands, or the swelling around the eyes becomes excessive,see your gynecologist immediately. This condition may be a sign of a more serious problem, such as pre-eclampsia.
If one leg is noticeably more swollen than the other or you feel severe pain in your calf or thigh muscles, it could be due to a blood clot or other serious condition. You shouldn't wait for it to pass, get help immediately.
To reduce the swelling it is good to elevate your legs as high as possible. It is best to lie down and put some pillows under your legs. If you are sitting, raise your ankles on a chair.
It is not good to cross your legs,when sitting. This is a prerequisite for compression of the vessels and can cause swelling and retention. While sitting, stretch your legs forward often. Stretch your toes up as far as you can, stretch your calves, rotate your ankles and wiggle your toes. These light exercises help with good blood circulation.
Alternate rest between sitting and lying down. Do not immobilize. A short walk is useful for moving the lower limbs.
Wear comfortable shoes. Forget high heels, there is a time to wear them! Take a break from them for now. During pregnancy, choose shoes that are wide enough not to squeeze your feet and cause additional swelling and fatigue.
Do not wear socks and tights if possible. Especially ones that have narrow elastic bands around the ankles or calves.
Drink plenty of water. Staying hydrated helps with good drainage.
Exercise regularly. Choose sports suitable for pregnant women with minimal load. Swimming and light aerobics are suitable.
Eat he althy. Pay attention to the amount of s alt you take in with food.
Avoid prolonged standing standing on your feet.
It is good to pay attention to the changes in your body during pregnancy. If you notice excessive swelling, see a specialist.