Causes of infertility in men and women

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Causes of infertility in men and women
Causes of infertility in men and women

Conceiving is not so easy, especially these days when infertility is an increasingly common problem among young couples. Many young future parents turn to assisted conception because for many months the miracle does not happen by itself.

What could be the reason for not getting pregnant?

Causes in woman

Various diseases and conditions in women can cause difficulties in conceiving. As a rule of thumb, it is considered permissible for couples under 35 to conceive within 1 year or so. After that, it is recommended to turn to a specialist gynecologist dealing with counseling couples with reproductive problems.

For couples over 35 years of age, it is recommended that the consultation be after 6 months of unsuccessful attempts to conceive.

For women, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, problems with fallopian tubes, problems with the uterine wall such as fibroids, polyps, previous curettages and others can prevent implantation of the fertilized egg.

Reasons in the man

In men, the most common reproductive problems are related to deficiency of sperm production, blockage of sperm transport, presence of sperm antibodies in the blood, erectile dysfunction, hormonal problems.

Erectile dysfunction is the inability to obtain a normal and long-lasting erection. With her, insemination is very difficult, because the man practically cannot achieve actual sexual intercourse with ejaculation.


The presence of sperm antibodies in the blood represents an autoimmune response of the body against its own sperm. Antibodies are formed against them and are attacked, which interferes with the man's reproductive ability due to the fact that his own body destroys the sperm cells before they reach their destination.

In impaired spermatogenesis, the formation of spermatozoa is prevented from the very beginning. And when sperm transport is blocked, the leading problem is the lack of seminal fluid, which has the function of transporting sperm to their destination during sexual intercourse.

All these male and female reproductive problems are affected by drug treatment or surgery. You only need to contact the relevant specialist who will consult you and identify the problem.

10% of couples with problems conceiving have so-called idiopathic infertility, which has no specific cause. Since the cause is not established, it goes straight to assisted reproductive procedures or in vitro fertilization.

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