Children in Bulgaria aged 1 to 15 years have the worst nutrition among their European peers, according to the latest data from a Eurostat analysis on the risk of poverty or social exclusion in EU-27, quoted by BTA. According to Bulgarian statistics, there are about 1 million children aged 1-15 in our country.
According to Eurostat data, 34.5 percent of Bulgarian children do not have the opportunity to consume fresh fruits and vegetables at least once a day. The situation is similar in Romania, where 23.8 percent of children do not have daily access to fresh fruits and vegetables. In Hungary, they are 17.2 percent, and in Latvia – 15.4 percent.
According to this indicator at the other pole are: Switzerland (0.2 percent), Luxembourg (0.5 percent) Iceland and Denmark (0.6 percent), Norway and Cyprus (0.7 percent). In these countries, only less than one percent of children do not have the opportunity to consume fresh fruits and vegetables.
In Bulgaria and Romania every third child (or about 30 percent) cannot eat meat, chicken or fish once a day because the families cannot afford it allow. According to this indicator, countries such as Slovakia and Hungary are far behind us, where only 13 percent of children do not have daily access to meat foods.
In Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Luxembourg and Cyprus, there are almost no families who cannot offer meat, chicken, fish or their vegetarian version with protein to their children's table. In these countries, the rates range from zero for Finland, to 0.7 percent in Cyprus.
As far as clothes and shoes are concerned - in Bulgaria there is the largest share in depriving children of them - 35 percent of Bulgarians cannot afford new clothes, and 44 percent – new shoes, because of the poverty of the families. The situation is similar in Romania (25.2 percent), Latvia (24.5 percent), Hungary (21.8 percent), as well as in Portugal and Slovakia – 13 percent each.
The most satisfied with new clothes are children in Luxembourg, Iceland, Norway and Cyprus, where only 0.6 percent cannot have new clothes and shoes.
Negative data on the poor nutrition of Bulgarian children and students were also published in a study by the National Center for Public He alth. According to the data, 18 percent of students consume fish less than once a month, and fresh fruits and vegetables - about 5-6 percent of Bulgarian children. In return, every fifth Bulgarian child consumes confectionery (cakes, sweets, baklava) more than once a day, and every third child eats pasta every day (pizzas, pastries, patties). More than once a day, about 20 percent of Bulgarian schoolchildren take soft drinks containing sugar, and 7 percent of the studied children consume energy drinks.
For this reason, nearly 30 percent of Bulgarian children suffer from overweight, of which 12.7 percent of Bulgarians are diagnosed with obesity, the experts found.
Unfavorable trends and characteristics in the nutrition of Bulgarian children and schoolchildren are prerequisites for the appearance at a later stage of the risk of chronic non-infectious diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis and others, according to the research of the experts from National Center for Public He alth.
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